The most influential environmental drivers of macrofungal species composition were studied in managed, even-aged, mixed forests of Őrség National Park, Hungary. Functional groups of macrofungi were analyzed separately by non-metric multidimensional scaling and redundancy analysis exploring their relations to tree species composition, stand structure, soil/litter conditions, microclimate, landscape, and management history. There was some evidence that macrofungi are related to drivers that are relatively easy to measure. Wood-inhabiting fungal species composition is driven primarily by the species composition of living trees, while substratum properties and microclimate play minor roles. The terricolous saprotrophic community was determined principally by a litter pH gradient involving tree species composition and soil/litter properties. Microclimate had no concordant effect. No obvious underlying gradients were detected on ectomycorrhizal fungal species composition; however, tree size and litter pH had significant effects. For each group, no clear responses to landscape or management history were detected.
Kutszegi et al. 2015: Drivers of macrofungal...FunEco 17: 69-83.
Kutszegi, G., Siller, I., Dima, B., Takács, K., Merényi, Zs., Varga, T., Turcsányi, G., Bidló, A., Ódor, P.
Drivers of macrofungal species composition in temperate forests, West Hungary: functional groups compared
Fungal Ecology 17: pp. 69-83.
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