Taxonomic and chemotaxonomic biodiversity investigations and studies on the variability of production of biologically active compounds in native or potentially successful plants for cultivation have been carried out for decades. Phytochemical and chemotaxonomic investigations took place in Vácrátót, furthermore some preparations for molecular genetic studies were also possible in our laboratories. Instrumental analytical and molecular genetical investigations on flowering plants, lichens and mycorrhiza-forming fungi became possible via cooperations with institutions in Hungary and abroad.
The research of organisms naturally rich in biologically active compounds is aimed to develop further for revealing natural resources and to increase knowledge on structural and functional diversity/ variability of them. Application of current, internationally accepted molecular methods in addition to classical morphological and chemical diversity studies may represent a breakthrough in taxonomic and phytochemical research in the institute. The connection between supra- and infraindividual research fields would form the multidisciplinary treatment of problems on basic and applied fields more entire and precise. The bioindication and medicinal role are planned to play a more important role within the biodiversity studies of both plants and lichen-forming fungi (lichens). A new field in the institute is the study of mycorrhizae (mutualistic relationship between plant roots and soil fungi): microbial diversity and its ecological role in soils investigated by morphological, molecular and experimental methods in the field and laboratory. Bioindication, pharmaceutical fields and other fields for ecosystem services are planned to be investigated for the conservation of the good condition of ecosystems and human health.
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