BLI Community Ecology Research Group

Leader of the research group: 
Profile of the group: 

1. Diversity and composition of ecological communities
The main objective of the group is to study ecological communities. We focus mostly on freshwater macroinvertebrates. We apply wide variety of approaches (observational and experimental studies, meta-analyses and modelling) and focus on the causes and consequences of patterns in diversity and composition.

2. Human impacts on freshwater biodiversity
We examine the effects of human impacts on freshwater biodiversity. We focus on how the different facets (taxonomic, phylogenetic and functional) and components (alpha and beta) of diversity, as well as the taxonomic- and trait-based community respond to anthropogenic disturbances such as urbanization, pollution or habitat degradation.

3. Paleoliminology
We study subfossil chironomid and other macroinvertebrate assemblages and perform high-resolution chironomid-inferred quantitative temperature and environmental reconstructions.

4. Numerical ecology
We deal also with the methodology of community ecology. We are interested in approaches quantifying community-level phenomena such as beta diversity or nestedness, as well as in methodology enumerating functional diversity.

Selected publications:

2019

Gál B, Szivák I, Heion J, Schmera D (2019): The effect of urbanization on freshwater macroinvertebrates - Knowledge gaps and future research directions Ecological Indicators 104: pp. 357-364.
Mónika Tóth, Maarten van Hardenbroek, Niels Bleicher, Oliver Heiri (2019): Pronounced early human impact on lakeshore environments documented by aquatic invertebrate remains in waterlogged Neolithic settlement deposits Quaternary Science Reviews 205: pp. 126-142.
Schmera D, J Podani, Z Botta-Dukát, T Erős (2019): On the reliability of the Elements of Metacommunity Structure framework for separating idelaized metacommunity patterns Ecological Indicators 85: pp. 853-860.

2018

Schmera D., Árva D., Boda P., Bódis E., Bolgovics Á., Borics G., Csercsa A., Deák Cs., Krasznai E. Á., Lukács B. A., Mauchart P., Móra A., Sály P., Specziár A., Süveges K., Szivák I., Takács P., Tóth M., Várbíró G., Vojtkó A. E., Erős T. (2018): Does isolation influence the relative role of niche based and spatial processes in dendritic stream networks? An empirical test of a metacommunity theory using multiple taxa. Freshwater biology 63: pp. 74-85.
Tóth, M., Buczkó, K., Specziár, A., Heiri, O., Braun, M., Hubay, K., Czakó, D., Magyari, E.K. (2018): Limnological changes in South Carpathian glacier-formed lakes (Retezat Mountains, Romania) during the Late Glacial and the Holocene: a synthesis Quaternary International 477: pp. 138–152.
Projects: 
2016 - 2020 Sustainable use of ecosystem services - research for mitigating the negative effect of climate change, land use change and biological invasion (GINOP–2.3.2–15–2016–00019 - András BÁLDI, DSc, member of the Academia Europaea)