Monitoring & Evaluation (M&E) is an essential part of the process of adaptive management, the process of learning from our actions in order to update and improve future ecosystem management. Across Europe we have a number of policies that are major influences on how we manage and monitor our ecosystems: therefore it is important to examine if and how these policies are shaping monitoring and evaluation.
Social scientists at the James Hutton Institute are coordinating this interdisciplinary initiative. We are focusing on 3 policies relevant and comparable across Europe: the Natura 2000 Directives; the Water Framework Directive; and Agri-Environment Schemes under the Common Agricultural Policy. We aim to (i) synthesise the current state of policy-driven monitoring & evaluation across Europe, (ii) compare these practices to the current recommendations in the literature, and (iii) identify accessible recommendations for improving monitoring and evaluation in order to better support adaptive ecosystem management.